An institutional twinning entitled "Support to the implementation of the monitoring and follow-up of social protection indicators", awarded to France and Belgium and implemented by Expertise France, was launched in Rabat on the 21st of May 2015.
This project, 24 month in duration and with a 1 million euros budget, is carried out within a context of social protection extension in Morocco; it aims at building public authorities capacities in the country to develop efficient social policies.
A system of monitoring and follow-uo of social protection indicators and research publication should be implemented, under the guidance of the Moroccan Minister of Employment and Social Affairs. About 20 Belgian and French experts have been mobilised to support the Moroccan government.
The Moroccan Ministry of Employment and Social Affairs, theAmbassador, the Belgian Ambassador in Morocco, the Social Affairs Counselor at the French Embassy in Morocco, and Expertise France took part in the launch of this European twinning project.
France is the first institutional twinnings projects manager in Europe. These twinnings are designed to function as cooperation tools between administrations.
Expertise France is managing over 30 twinning projects in 12 European neighbourhood and Mediterranean countries.
Interview with Moulay-Driss CHERIFI, resident twinning adviser at the Moroccan Ministry of Employment and Social Affairs
What are the Kingdom of Morocco's needs in terms of social protection monitoring? Should this twinning be considered within a more global Moroccan social protection reform?
Moulay-Driss Cherifi, resident twinning advisor:
The Moroccan social protection regime developed on a regular basis, nowadays covering a wide range of risks. However, the coverage rates remain low and apply mainly to civil servants and employees in the formal private sector.A recent report by the Moroccan Court of account highlighted the diversity and non-convergence of social cover regimes, the low assets hedging rate (33% of assets are hedged by retirement plans) as well as the diversity of governance procedures.
The implementation of a Moroccan social protection monitoring system takes place in a context of hedging reform and within the framework of a joint agreement between Morocco and the European Union, aiming at reinforcing the achievement from bilateral relationships and promoting new ambitious initiatives.
This twinning project therefore responds to the need to reform the system’s governance and to improve steering through the monitoring and follow-up of social protection indicators.
What kind of indicators do we use to assess social protection in a country like Morocco?
We usually differentiate various types of indicators which, ideally, make up an integrated package. For example, we can draw a distinction between input, ouput and results indicators. Inputindicators express the strategic efforts provided, output indicators refer to the number of people affected, and results indicators translate the final living conditions.
For example, the volume of social expenditure as a percentage of gross domestic product is an input indicator, just like the amount of minimum benefit as a percentage of the average earning: these are markers of the measures implemented.
The number of beneficiaries or affected people, i.e. the output, is calculated as a percentage of a relevant population. In terms of the share of destitutes in the population, it relates to the result of the social protection policy implemented.
How do the French and Belgian experiences fit together in terms of social protection monitoring?
The Belgian experience is very interesting, especially in terms of its pooled data management: the Belgium Banque Carrefour de la sécurité sociale (BCSS) will share its good practices in terms of sharing and pooling information between social security institutions.
The Belgian experience complements the French good practices, which will be used as a reference for the Moroccan project.
The implementation of this type of mechanism surely took years in France and in Belgium; and these two European experiences will allow Morocco to lay the foundations of an effective and efficient information system.