Within the framework of the European Critical Maritime Routes (CMR) programme, Expertise France is implementing a new cooperation project for maritime security reinforcement in the Indian Ocean.
Since the ratification of the Djibouti Code of Conduct in 21 coastal nations of the region in 2009, the European Union is funding several capacity building projects in the maritime space of these countries, to secure the Indian Ocean's main transportation routes. Indeed, 70% of the world's fuel shipments transit through this strategic area. Exchange and sharing of data collected by surveillance equipment in these countries maritime space is an issue in terms of reduction of the risk of damage, pollution, trafficking, or piracy.
In order to increase cooperation between the states for maritime safety and security in the face of these transborder threats, Expertise France is ensuring the implementation of the CRIMARIO project, launched on the 3rd of July 2015 by the European Union (). CRIMARIO will provide technical assistance to the coastal countries of the Indian Ocean until 2019; the programme is funded by the (€5.5 million). CRIMARIO aims at reinforcing interagency cooperation on a national and regional level to create information fusion centres, to increase awareness about the risks at sea.
CRIMARIO follows on theproject, the first project of the Critical Maritime Routes programme funded by the and implemented by Expertise France, which just came to an end after 5 years of activity. initiated the implementation of centres for information sharing and of a training centre for maritime authorities of the Djibouti Code of Conduct signatories, with the aim of building a regional maritime surveillance network.
Signature of the Mombasa Protocol
Stable governance is still needed for this cooperation, to ensure sustainability, especially by developing an independent and regional financial model: this is the aim of the Mombasa Protocol, signed by thebeneficiary countries on the 2nd of July 2015 in Brussels. It aims at uniting all volunteer countries and reinforcing their cooperation, on an information sharing level, as well as on a training level.